3 phase motor to single phase supply:

This diagram shows how to make a connection between 3 phase motor and to single-phase supply. In This circuit, we use a single-phase energy meter, a DP MCB ( Double Pole Miniature Circuit Breaker ), a magnetic contactor, a capacitor, an NO Switch( Normal Open switch ), and an NC Switch ( Normal Close Switch ). First, we need to input power to the single-phase energy meter, then we need to input power to DP MCB, then input power ( phase and neutral line ) to the magnetic contactor, then input connection to NC and NO switch, after that connect the capacitor and motor with magnetic contactor. Now this circuit is ready for use if you want to know more about this circuit please check our youtube video below the post.


Diagram of 3 phase motor to single phase supply:

3 phase motor to single phase supply

Components needed For this Project:

You can get the components from any of the sites below:

  1. Single Phase Energy Meter [See Buy Click Amazon]
  2. DP MCB 25A [See Buy Click Amazon]
  3. Magnetic Contactor 40A [See Buy Click Amazon]
  4. Push Button NO Switch [See Buy Click Amazon]
  5. Push Button NC Switch [See Buy Click Amazon]
  6. Single Phase Motor (1 HP) [See Buy Click Amazon]
  7. 50 MFD Capacitor (220V ac Line) [See Buy Click Amazon]

*Please note: These are affiliate links. I may make a commission if you buy the components through these links. I would appreciate your support in this way!

Read Also:


Components used to make the 3 phase motor to single phase supply:

01. Single Phase Energy Meter:

A Single-Phase Energy Meter is a sort of Watt-Hour meter. It consists of two Electromagnets. Single-Phase Energy Meter is also Popularly known as a watt-hour meter. 1 Magnet is called the shunt magnet Ml which is Mounted with a Pressure coil. The Pressure coil is a long coil Made of fine Copper wire that is connected across the Supply single-phase line. Single-phase energy meters are suitable for measuring single-phase AC current flow frequencies of 50/60 Hz, which are used for fixed indoor installation systems.

02. DP MCB:

DP MCB In 2 Pole MCB, switching & protection is affected in phases and the neutral. A Double Pole or DP Switch is a Switch that Controls 2 Circuits at the same time. In terms of Residential Switching, this Normally means it Switches the live and Neutral at the same time. In Layperson Terms, Double Pole switches or DP Switches are Exclusively Designed to Control 2 Different Electrical Circuits at the same time, which allows the Appliances to Isolate safely and reliably. Fan or light Combinations and Medical Equipment are some of the many applications for DP Electrical Switches and Electrical components.

03. Magnetic Contactor:

A magnetic contactor is an electromagnetic switching device. It is generally used for controlling 3-phase Motors. The operation of a magnetic contactor is similar to that of a Relay. but a relay is used for low-power or low-voltage connections, and a magnetic contactor is used for high-power or high-voltage connections. As soon as the supply is applied to the magnetic contactor coil. its normally open contacts are closed and normally closed contacts are opened and the associated devices are also operated. This is how a magnetic contactor works.

04. NO Switch:

NO (Normally Open) Terms Refer to a Type of Dry Contact or Wet Contact. A Push to Make Switch Allows Electricity to flow Between its 2 contacts when held in. When the button is released, the Circuit is broken. This type of Switch is also known as A Normally Open (NO) Switching system. As its name implies, a Normally Open (NO) Switch Contact or “a Contact” is a Switch. Put very simply, a Normally Open Sensor will have no Current When in a Normal State But When it Enters an Alarm State it will have +5V applied to the Circuit.

05. NC Switch:

An NC (Normally Closed) Push Button is a Push Button That, In Its Default State, Makes Electrical Contact With The Circuit. An NC (Normally Closed) Push Button is a Push Button that, in its Default State, Makes electrical Contact With the Circuit. When The Button Is Pressed Down, The Switch no Longer Makes Electrical Contact And The Circuit is Now Open. When The Button is Not Pressed, Electricity Can Flow, But When it is Pressed The Circuit is Broken. This type Of Switch is Also known As a Normally Closed (NC) Switch.

06. Single Phase Motor:

A Single-Phase Motor is an Electrically-Powered Rotary Machine That Can Turn Electric Energy into Mechanical Energy. It Works by Using a Single-Phase Power Supply. Single-phase Motors Are Used in Equipment And Machines That Are Smaller in Size And Require Lower Horsepower. This Includes Equipment Such As Refrigerators, Pumps, Compressors, Fans, and Portable Drills. Single-phase motors Have a Similar Construction to The 3-phase Motor, Including an AC Winding That is Placed on The Stator And Short-Circuited Conductors That are Placed in a Cylindrical Rotor.

07. Capacitor:

Motor Starting Capacitors are used during the Motor Startup Phase and are Disconnected From the Circuit once the Rotor Reaches a Predetermined Speed, Which is Usually about 75% of the Maximum Speed for that Motor type. These Capacitor Usually Have Capacitance Values Of Over 70 UF. The Starting capacitor creates a Current-to-Voltage lag in the Separate start Windings of the Motor. Starting Capacitor are Wired into The Auxiliary Winding Circuit of the Motor and are Disconnected from the main winding circuit by the Centrifugal Switch once the Motor has Reached a Predetermined Speed.

Thank You for visiting the website. Keep visiting for more Updates.

Frequently asked questions

How to convert 3-phase to single-phase 240V?

One common approach is to use a single-phase transformer, which can be connected to two of the three phases of the 3-phase system to create a single-phase output. Another method involves using a rotary phase converter, which uses capacitors and inductors to create a single-phase output from the 3-phase input.

How do you connect 3-phase to single-phase?

By far the simplest method of obtaining a single-phase output from a three-phase supply is to place a single-phase transformer across 2 phases of a three-phase supply. The effect of this system is to pull the full rated current flow in two of the supply lines and zero current flow in the third line.

Can a 3-phase motor run on DC?

To run a 3-phase AC motor using a DC power supply, you would need to use an inverter to convert the DC power to AC power. The inverter should need to produce a three-phase AC output with the required voltage and frequency to match the pump's specifications.

What is three-phase single phasing?

Single phasing is a condition that occurs when 1 of the 3 phases that supply voltage to a three-phase pump is lost. When this occurs the current supply across the remaining 2 legs can go to 1.73 times (173%) the normal FLA (please refer to the figure below).

What are the disadvantages of 3-phase?

The initial purchase cost could be higher than single-phase generators. They could be more challenging to maintain and repair, as they have more parts that could break down. Three-phase generators could produce more noise than single-phase generators, making them less ideal for use in residential settings.

Read more Single Phase Wiring


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *