Start and stop switch diagram:
This diagram shows how to make Start and stop switch diagram. In this circuit, we use an FP MCB ( Four Pole Minature Circuit Breaker ), a DP MCB ( Double Pole Minature Circuit Breaker ), a magnetic contactor, an overload, an emergency switch, an NO switch, an NC switch, a 3-phase motor. First, we need to connect the FP MCB with a power source, then connect the magnetic contactor with the TP MCB, then connect the overload and all push switches with the contactor, connect the DP MCB with the TP MCB, then connect the motor with the overload.
Components needed For this Project:
You can get the components from any of the sites below:
- TP MCB [See Buy Click Amazon]
- DP MCB [See Buy Click Amazon]
- Magnetic Contactor [See Buy Click Amazon]
- Overload Relay [See Buy Click Amazon]
- NO Switch [See Buy Click Amazon]
- NC Switch [See Buy Click Amazon]
- Emergency Switch [See Buy Click Amazon]
- 3 Phase Motor [See Buy Click Amazon]
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Components used to make the Start and stop switch diagram:
The full meaning of MCB is Miniature Circuit Breaker. MCB is an electromagnetic switch or device. If for any reason a short circuit occurs in the supply line or load line (line to line or line to neutral) or in case of overload, the MCB automatically trips and disconnects the main line circuit or household power Connection. TP MCB In Three Pole MCB, Switching & Protection is affected in only Three-Phases and the Neutral is not part of the MCB. 3 pole MCB signifies the Connection of Three Wires for a Three-Phase system R-Y-B Phase. Three-Phase Supply Only Without Neutral.
02. DP MCB:
DP MCB In Two Pole MCB, switching & protection is affected in phases and the neutral. A Double Pole or DP Switch is a Switch that Controls two Circuits at the same time. In terms of Residential Switching, this Normally means it Switches the live and Neutral at the same time. In Layperson Terms, Double Pole switches or DP Switches are Exclusively Designed to Control two Different Electrical Circuits at the same time, which allows the Appliances to Isolate in a safe and reliable manner. Fan or light Combinations and Medical Equipment are some of the many applications for DP Electrical Switches.
A magnetic contactor is an electromagnetic switching device. It is generally used for controlling three-phase motors. The operation of a magnetic contactor is similar to that of a relay, but a relay is used for low-power or low-voltage connections, and a magnetic contactor is used for high-power or high-voltage connections. As soon as the supply is applied to the magnetic contactor coil, its normally open contacts are closed and normally closed contacts are opened and the associated devices are also operated. This is how a magnetic contactor works.
04. Overload Relay:
Overload Protection is Protection Against a Running Overcurrent That Would Cause Overheating of The Protected Equipment. Hence, An Overload is Also a Type of Overcurrent. Overload Protection Typically Operates on an Inverse Time curve where the Tripping Time Becomes less as the Current Increases. This Overload Protector is an Essential Component for Many Sockets. The Top-Quality Overload Protector can Effectively Protect Electrical Products from Power Surges.
NO (Normally Open) Terms Refer to a Type of Dry Contact or Wet Contact. A ‘Push to Make’ Switch Allows Electricity to flow Between its two contacts when held in. When the button is released, the Circuit is broken. This type of Switch has also known as A Normally Open (NO) Switch. As its name implies, a Normally Open (NO) Switch Contact or “a Contact” is a Switch. Put very simply, a Normally Open Sensor will have no Current When in a Normal State But When it Enters an Alarm State it will have +5V applied to the Circuit.
06. NC Switch:
An NC (Normally Closed) Push Button is a Push Button That, In Its Default State, Makes Electrical Contact With The Circuit. An NC (Normally Closed) Push Button is a Push Button that, in its Default State, Makes electrical Contact With the Circuit. When The Button Is Pressed Down, The Switch no Longer Makes Electrical Contact And The Circuit is Now Open. When The Button is Not Pressed, Electricity Can Flow, But When it is Pressed The Circuit is Broken. This type Of Switch is Also known As a Normally Closed (NC) Switch.
An Emergency Stop button, also known as an E-Stop, is for The person using the machinery and is a fail-safe control switch that provides safety both for the machinery. The Purpose of the emergency Push Button is to Stop the Machinery quickly when there is a risk of injury or the Workflow Requires Stopping. All Machinery Requires an Emergency Stop button to Reduce Risk. Buttons are typically red, Often With a Yellow Background to Ensure a Vivid and Easily Identified Solution.
08. 3 Phase Motor:
A Three-Phase electric motor uses a 3-Phase Power Supply to Convert Electric Energy into Mechanical Energy. It contains four Wires (Three hot Wires and one Neutral Wire) and Uses 3 Alternating Currents of the Same Frequency. Since it Generates a Rotating Magnetic Field, it does not need a Capacitor for the Startup. Some Three-Phase Motors are Reversible, Which Means they can serve as Generators by Turning Mechanical Energy into Electrical Energy.
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